Science communication for non-scientific audiences in food security (agriculture, animal science, veterinary science, food policy, food safety and related field), environment (climate change, sustainability, natural resource management and related field), sustainable development and system thinking.
Search This Blog
Quick Tips on How to Reduce Added Sugars in Kids
Healthy Food Fun for Kids
By Maria Prihtamala Omega
Sugary drinks and sweet
treats have many calories but contain small nutrients. It’s a fact that the added sugars can be found in sodas, juice
drinks, sport drinks, energy drinks, candy, ice-cream, cakes, cookies and sweets.
By decreasing these foods and beverages (less than 6 teaspoons of added sugars for female and 11 teaspoons of added sugars for male daily), you help the kids to develop healthy eating
habits and avoid health issues, for instance, as follows.
1. Provide small
amounts of sweets. It is recommended to gradually minimize the amount of
sweets, candy, ice-cream or biscuits your kids eat a day. Serve these kinds of
treats in smaller plates, can go along throughout the whole day, and encourage
them to share with others.
2. Prevent check-out
lanes displaying candy, so we don’t tempt kids who might ask to buy some candy.
3. Drink smarter
healthier beverages such as water, fat-free milk, 100% juice when they are thirsty
rather than consume soda or sweet drinks which are rich in sugar and calories.
4. Avoid high calorie desserts
by providing 100% fruit-veggie squeeze snacks or fruits (see Figure 1.), salads,
baked apples or pears for dessert and offer 100% frozen juice bars.
5. Prevent offering
sweets as rewards for your kids. Consider rewarding kind words, comforting hugs
and presenting some non-food stuffs such as stickers, games, art/music/sport
6. Making treats only on
special occasions, not daily food. Sweet treats are reserved for special events
such as birthday cakes, and are enjoyed most when consumed once in a while.
7. Provide nutritious
food for fun by engaging kids to cook healthy snack together and try to be
creative. Having fun by a smiley face with bananas and raisins or cutting fruit
into happy-face shapes using a cookie cutter.
8. Encourage kids to create
new snacks by experimenting original mixes of dried fruits, unsalted nuts or
seeds to invent food which kids will like to eat.
9. Do not substitute
regular meals by sweets.
10. Teach kids to play
a detective in the store, for instance, by discovering the amount of total
sugars or carbohydrates on the cereal box the kids love most, then comparing it
with the other cereal boxes that have lowest amount of sugars.
healthy eating habits in kids is important for staying them fit and avoiding
health issues. Kids who like to eat sweets and food rich in sugar would skip
eating vegetables and fruits. It is recommended that kids are encouraged to eat
more vegetables or fruits and ask kids to prepare their own foods then to try
the food they cook themselves, but it depends on their ages and cooking skills. Further study is done by Health Canada pertaining to current food skills and fact sheets in Canada (see the attachment, http://www.slideshare.net/PrihtaMala/food-skills-factsheetengfinal). There are some easy ideas to create healthy snacks for kids, as the following
1. Create smoothies by
blending low-fat or fat free yoghurt or milk with bananas (see Figure 1.), peaches, pineapples,
berries, and crushed ice or freeze the fruits first. Kids can use fresh, frozen
or canned fruits, for the cocktail.
2. Make delicious
dippers by whipping up a nutritious dip with yoghurt and seasonings like herbs
and garlic to be served with raw vegetables such as carrots, broccoli, cauliflower,
or with cinnamon raisin and vanilla dip.
3. Create caterpillar
cabobs by cuttings slices of melon, orange, apple and pear then arrange them on
skewers for a fruity cabob, or try a vegetable version of zucchini, squash, tomatoes,
sweet pepper and cucumber.
4. Invent personalized
pizzas by engaging the kids in making a home-made pizza. They can use
whole-meal English muffins, pita bread or bagels to create a crust with tomato, sweet chilly or BBQ sauce, low fat cheese, vegetables, or fruits for topping. Then put the
pizza into the oven to heat it up.
5. Develop potato
person by adorning half of bakes potato with sliced cherry tomatoes, peas and
low-fat cheese to make a smiley face on the potato.
6. Make a fruity peanut
butterfly by utilizing celery sticks to create the body and thin slices of
apples to make the wings and assemble them with low-fat peanut butter, then,
adorning with halved grapes or dried fruits.
7. Enjoy frosty fruits
by consuming frozen treats, especially in summer or hot weather. Provide fresh
fruits in the freezer, then inserting sticks into peeled bananas and freezing
them to make the fun popsicles.
8. Have homemade trail
mix by creating your own trail mix, mixing nuts, such as unsalted peanuts,
cashews, walnuts, sunflower seeds with dried fruits, for instance, apples,
pears, apricots, pineapples, raisins, plus add whole-grain cereals to the food.
9. Invent bugs on a log
of cucumber, celery, carrot sticks. Then, add peanut butter and top with dried
fruit of cherries, cranberries, strawberries, raspberries and blueberries as well as raisins, cinnamon, grapefruits, pummelo etc.
10. Ask kids to be in
charge by naming the food (vegetables and fruits). Let them assemble raw
vegetables or fruits to create happy shapes. So, lets starting your new experiments and having fun, kiddos!
by Yadav Sharma Bajagai "Food Security" is one of major elements of development and poverty alleviation and has been the goal of many international and national public organizations. The issue is so important that according to the state of food insecurity in the world 2012 published by FAO around 870 million people (out of which 852 million from developing countries) are estimated to have been undernourished in the period 2010-12. Although the phrase "Food Security" is being used widely, the definition and concept of food security is elusive and being evolved and expanded over time.
Background Household food deficiency due to low agricultural productivity, limited livelihood opportunities, inefficient food distribution system, weak market linkage, poor infrastructure and lack of awareness among general public about healthy food habit are some of the development challenges in Nepal. Within the country western Nepal suffer more from poverty and hunger with 37% of the people living below the poverty line compared to the national average of 25.16%. Similarly, productivity of major crops is significantly lower than the national average which is already among the lowest in South Asia. Per capita consumption of animal products (32 litres of milk, 7.5 kg of meat and 6.4 eggs per capita per annum) is among the lowest in the region hunger indices pointing to an extremely alarming situation. Household food balance (result of food inflow, household production, household consumption and outflow) is negative almost throughout the year in the region. Government of
by Yadav Sharma Bajagai 1 Introduction Being member of different international organizations, Nepal has many food safety related obligations to comply with rules and regulations of those organizations. Food safety related issues started to become matter of increased concern and one of the priority areas of the government after the country has become member of the world trade organization (WTO) in 2004. Being a developing country, food chains are generally long in developing countries like Nepal as compared to those in developed countries due to poor infrastructure which makes the food more vulnerable to be contaminated with harmful agents (microorganism and chemicals). In addition, infrastructures related to technical regulation, conformity assessment and safety of food are still in developing phase which requires more focus and investment for better functioning. Similarly, Inspections and regulation of food related business are challenging and difficult due