by Yadav Sharma Bajagai
Definition of Food Security
- all people at all times have both physical and economic access to enough food for an active, healthy life;
- the ways in which food is produced and distributed are respectful of the natural processes of the earth and thus sustainable;
- both the consumption and production of food are governed by social values that are just and equitable as well as moral and ethical;
- the ability to acquire food is ensured;
- the food itself is nutritionally adequate and personally and culturally acceptable; and
- the food is obtained in a manner that upholds human dignity."
Household Food Security
Characteristics of household with very low food security
- Members of household (mainly adult) worried that their food would run out before they got money to buy more.
- Food they bought just didn't last and they didn't have money to get more.
- They couldn't afford to eat balanced meals have to rely on inexpensive non-nutritious food.
- An adult had to cut the size of meals or skipped meals because there was not enough money for food.
- They had to eaten less than they felt they should because there was not enough money for food.
- They had been hungry but did not eat because they could not afford enough food.
- They had to acquire food through socially unacceptable means such as charitable assistance, buying food on credit etc.
Figure 1: Consequences of Food Insecurity in Households.
Types of Food Insecurity
Chronic Food Insecurity
Acute or Transitory Food Insecurity
Dimensions of Food Security
Figure 2: Dimensions of Food Security
Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC)
Objectives of IPC
- Provide technical consensus and a common language for classifying severity and causes of food insecurity situations.
- Promote transparency about food security situation through evidence based analysis.
- Communicate about the food security situation to decision makers
- Provide basis for current and early warning projections.
Figure 3: Phases of Food Security according to IPC Phase Classification